How did the Aztec and Inca empires fall?

The Europeans brought with them diseases such as measles and smallpox against which the American tribes had no natural immunity. They spread like wildfire, killing rulers of both the Aztecs and Incas, along with millions of other people.

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How were the fall of the Aztec and Inca empires similar?

The Inca and Aztec empires were very similar. They were based on managing resources and goods, and the economy was centered around their agriculture. The Incas and the Aztecs were orgianlly clan based but they grew into thriving empires. Both civilizations were also based off of earlier civilizations before them.

Why did the Aztec empires fall?

The Aztec had no immunity to European diseases. Smallpox spread among the indigenous people and crippled their ability to resist the Spanish. The disease devastated the Aztec people, greatly reducing their population and killing an estimated half of Tenochtitlán’s inhabitants.

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How did the Incas fall?

The main view is that the Inca were eventually defeated due to inferior weapons, ‘open battle’ tactics, disease, internal unrest, the bold tactics of the Spanish, and the capture of their emperor.

Who conquered the Inca Empire?

On November 16, 1532, Francisco Pizarro, the Spanish explorer and conquistador, springs a trap on the Incan emperor, Atahualpa. With fewer than 200 men against several thousand, Pizarro lures Atahualpa to a feast in the emperor’s honor and then opens fire on the unarmed Incans.

What happened to the Aztec and Inca empires?

Both the Aztec and the Inca empires were conquered by Spanish conquistadors; the Aztec Empire was conquered by Cortés, and the Inca Empire was defeated by Pizarro. The Spanish had an advantage over native peoples because the former had guns, cannons, and horses.

How were the Aztec and Inca empires different?

The main difference between Aztecs and Incas is that the Incas dwelt inside the Andes Mountains, whereas the Aztecs resided in Central Mexico. The Incans preserved their deceased by exposing them to the elements on a mountain ledge, in which the wind would evaporate the moisture from their skin.

What happened after the fall of the Aztec empire?

Aftermath and the fall of the Aztec empire

Cortés’s victory at Tenochtitlán set in motion the rapid collapse of the Aztec empire. Over the next three years, the conquistadores brought the whole of Mesoamerica under Spanish rule and established the colony of New Spain.

In what way were the Aztec and Inca empires similar quizlet?

11. In what way were the Aztec and Inca empires similar? Correct Answer: Both started out as marginalized peoples who conquered and absorbed older cultures.

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How did the Inca and Aztec empires differ?

The Incas lived on the South Eastern Coast of South America. 3. The Incas had a technologically advanced frame of mind while the Aztecs believed in sacrifice of humans.

What happened after the Incas were conquered?

A few years after Atahualpa’s death and the securing of Inca lands for the Spanish empire, the conquest moved into the territory north of the Andes, into present-day Colombia and Venezuela.

When did the Inca Empire collapse?

The fall of the Inca Empire ended with the execution of all the Incan rulers and their families in 1572.

When did the Aztecs rise and fall?

Definition. The Aztec Empire (c. 1345-1521) covered at its greatest extent most of northern Mesoamerica.

Why did the Inca Empire fall quizlet?

An army of 10 Spanish conquistadors were led by Francisco Pizarro to defeat the Incas. With excellent tactics, advanced weaponry and the alliance of native forces, the Inca Empire fell quickly. Francisco Pizarro came from Spain to find the country in civil war.

How were the Aztec and Inca empires impacted by Spanish?

How were the Aztec and Inca empires impacted by Spanish conquistadors and European colonization? Conquistadors made peace with the empires, and then Europeans set up colonies. The Aztec and Inca empires shrank and survived into the 1700’s. Conquistadors destroyed the empires, and then Europeans built new settlements.

Which best explains the fall of the empire of the Aztecs?

Which is the best explanation for the fall of the Aztec Empire? Aztec enemies allied themselves with Spanish invaders. Which connected the millions of people living in the Inca Empire? Which is the best description of Machu Picchu?

Why did the Inca lose to the Spaniards?

While there were many reasons for the fall of the Incan Empire, including foreign epidemics and advanced weaponry, the Spaniards skilled manipulation of power played a key role in this great Empire’s demise.

What was the main reason the Spanish were able to defeat the Aztecs and the Incas?

The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.

Who conquered the Aztec and Inca?

Between 1519 and 1521 Hernán Cortés and a small band of men brought down the Aztec empire in Mexico, and between 1532 and 1533 Francisco Pizarro and his followers toppled the Inca empire in Peru. These conquests laid the foundations for colonial regimes that would transform the Americas.

How was the end of the Inca Empire similar to the end of the Aztec Empire?

How was the end of the Inca Empire similar to the fall of the Aztec Empire. – In both cases the Empires’ Kings were captured. – Both empires were weakened by diseases brought by the Spaniards. What is the order of social groups in Inca society from most powerful to least powerful?

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How were the conquest of the Aztec and the Inca similar and different?

How were the conquest of the Aztec and the Inca similar and different? The Aztec and Inca were both conquered by Spain. However, the Aztec were mostly taken out by disease; whereas, the Inca were taken out by a large army.

Which empire ended the Byzantine Empire and came closest to conquering Europe?

Fall of Constantinople, (May 29, 1453), conquest of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire. The dwindling Byzantine Empire came to an end when the Ottomans breached Constantinople’s ancient land wall after besieging the city for 55 days.

Why were Pochteca important to the Aztec Empire?

Pochteca occupied a high status in Aztec society, below the noble class. They were responsible for providing the materials that the Aztec nobility used to display their wealth, which were often obtained from foreign sources.

What feature did the Mughal Empire and Songhay Empire share *?

What feature did the Mughal Empire and Songhay Empire share? –The rulers were Muslim, but the majority of the population was not. -The rulers were Sunni Muslim, while the majority of the population was Shia Muslim. -Both were in the heartland of the Islamic world.

Why were the Incas better than the Aztecs?

The Incas were the best because they did not have the barbaric cannibalistic beliefs that the Aztecs and Mayans did, they didn’t do anything to wrong the Spanish, and they are awesome for how they adapted to the land that they lived in. Go Sky People! The Incas fought with each other over the thrown.

How did Colonisation affect the Incas?

As an effect of this conquest, many aspects of Inca culture were systematically destroyed or irrevocably changed. In addition to disease and population decline, a large portion of the Inca population—including artisans and crafts people—was enslaved and forced to work in the gold and silver mines.

Which events led to the decline of the Inca Empire quizlet?

Which events led to the decline of the Inca Empire? AND Disease and civil war ravaged the Inca Empire. AND The Spanish sent messages of peace and friendship to the Inca. AND Pizarro took Atahualpa hostage and then had him executed.

How did the Aztec Empire change over time?

One of the ways in which the Aztec expanded in strength and wealth at the time was by acting as mercenaries and warriors for other societies in the region. For example, in the decades after the founding of Tenochtitlan they worked as warriors for the Tepanec people.

How did the Aztecs control their empire?

The Aztecs based their power on military conquest and the tribute they gained from their conquered subjects. The Aztecs generally exercised loose control over the empire, often letting local rulers govern their own regions.

How did the Aztec expand their empire?

The Aztecs expanded their empire through military conquest and sustained it through tributes imposed on the conquered regions. Every 80 days, the new subjects of the Aztecs had to pay tributes to Tenochtitlan. As for the Aztec society, it was very complex. It was socially divided between the nobility and the populace.

What reason best describes the collapse of the Inca Empire in the 1500s?

Which reason best describes the collapse of the Inca Empire in the 1500s? Inca leaders were forced to submit to Spanish authority.

What event marked the start of the downfall of the Inca Empire?

Answer: C. Spanish conquerors arrived and took control of the Incan capital.

Where did the Aztecs controlled the most powerful empire?

From their magnificent capital city, Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs emerged as the dominant force in central Mexico, developing an intricate social, political, religious and commercial organization that brought many of the region’s city-states under their control by the 15th century.

What was one of the impacts of the Spanish colonization on Native Americans?

What was one of the impacts of Spanish colonization on Native Americans? Tens of thousands of Native Americans died from disease, war, and forced labor.

Which led to the decline of the Aztec empire apex?

Lacking food and ravaged by smallpox disease earlier introduced by one of the Spaniards, the Aztecs, now led by Cuauhtemoc, finally collapsed after 93 days of resistance on the fateful day of 13th of August, 1521 CE.

Why did the Spanish conquered the Aztecs?

They found that the city’s society had crumpled. The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.

Why were the Aztecs defeated so easily?

1 Answer. The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.

How were the decline of the Aztec and Inca empires similar?

The Inca and Aztec empires were very similar. They were based on managing resources and goods, and the economy was centered around their agriculture. The Incas and the Aztecs were orgianlly clan based but they grew into thriving empires. Both civilizations were also based off of earlier civilizations before them.