How did Proslavery supporters justify continuing slavery?

How did proslavery supporters justify continuing the practice of slavery in the South? A. Slaves were needed to defend plantations against invaders.

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What did George Fitzhugh believe?

One of the most vehement proponents of this argument was George Fitzhugh (1806–1881), a Virginia lawyer, writer, and slaveowner. He believed that civilization depended upon the exploitation of labor. This led him to ask which system slavery or free labor exploited workers less.

How did proslavery advocates defend slavery?

Instead of defending slavery as a necessary evil, they began to defend slavery as a “positive good.” They argued that the slaves were in actuality happy, content and well cared for.

What were the Proslavery arguments?

Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the foundation of their economy. The cotton economy would collapse. The tobacco crop would dry in the fields. Rice would cease being profitable.

How did Southerners justify slavery quizlet?

White Southerners justified slavery by saying that someone needed to produce all the cotton and without the slaves, no one would do it, and the cotton kingdom would fall apart. They believed without slavery, blacks would become violent, and that slavery provided a sense of order. You just studied 5 terms!

How did Proslavery justify continuing the practice of slavery in the South?

How did proslavery supporters justify continuing the practice of slavery in the South? A. Slaves were needed to defend plantations against invaders.

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What methods did abolitionists use to fight against slavery?

These groups sent petitions with thousands of signatures to Congress, held abolition meetings and conferences, boycotted products made with slave labor, printed mountains of literature, and gave innumerable speeches for their cause.

What was proslavery argument?

Thomas Dew, George Fitzhugh and others fashioned a pro-slavery argument in which they maintained that slavery was beneficial to slaves and masters, and was superior to the North’s system of free labor. Dew defends slavery against its critics, including those who condemned it a violation of the spirit of Christianity.

Which argument would an opponent of slavery most likely make?

Which argument would an opponent of slavery most likely make? Slavery violates the American ideal that “all men are created equal.” What was a cause of the spread of the abolition movement?

What did George Fitzhugh do about slavery?

In 1850 he published Slavery Justified; by a Southerner, the first of several essays in which he defended slavery by attacking what he called free society. Fitzhugh denied that the slave South was a modern commercial society dependent on foreign trade.

What was an argument used to try to justify slavery answers?

Explanation: One important argument the South saw reasonable and justifiable to not abolish slavery was its dependence for the growth of its economy. In other words, the South’s economy was maintained due to the work of the enslaved. The South’s economy was agriculturally based.

What are Fitzhugh’s main criticisms of free society?

What are Fitzhugh’s main criticism of “free society”? Fitzhugh is saying that with freedom, comes competition. It is a struggle to better one’s condition. He’s saying that being free allows you to be above one person.

How did Nat Turner show resistance to slavery?

Nat Turner destroyed the white Southern myth that slaves were actually happy with their lives or too docile to undertake a violent rebellion. His revolt hardened proslavery attitudes among Southern whites and led to new oppressive legislation prohibiting the education, movement, and assembly of slaves.

What did the northerners think about slavery?

Most northerners did not doubt that black people were inferior to whites, but they did doubt the benevolence of slavery. The voices of Northern abolitionists, such as Boston editor and publisher William Lloyd Garrison, became increasingly violent.

Which side supported slavery in the Civil War?

Generally, African Americans cheered for Union victory and the Confederacy made a great effort to keep enslaved people under their control. After the war, Confederate veterans downplayed this resistance and professed to believe most of the people who they had enslaved were loyal at heart.

What did Southern apologists believe about slavery quizlet?

In the 1830s, southern apologists in the South argued that slavery was a “positive good” because it allowed an elegant lifestyle for white elites and provided protection for inferior Africans.

How did most white Southerners view the practice of slavery?

How did most white Southerners view the practice of slavery? They saw slavery as a “positive good” for enslaved workers. How did the cotton gin impact the growth and harvesting of cotton? It separated the seeds from the cotton plant quickly.

How did many Southerners defend the institution of slavery quizlet?

How did many southerners defend the institution of slavery? they argued that slavery was necessary for the southern economy, and that it had allowed for the southerners high level of culture. They argued that they treated enslaved people well, and that Northern factory workers had it worse.

What was the debate about slavery at the Constitutional Convention?

Ultimately, the delegates who strongly opposed slavery realized that pressing against it would make it impossible for the states to come together. They worked out a compromise with the Southern states. They agreed that Congress could not tax exports and that no law could be passed to ban the slave trade until 1808.

Which methods did abolitionists use to spread the abolitionist movement?

Activists used the press to spread the abolitionist message. Newspapers like William Lloyd Garrison’s The Liberator circulated vehement attacks on government sanctioned bondage. Other publications, such as pamphlets and leaflets, contained anti-slavery poems, slogans, essays, sermons, and songs.

How did abolitionists use violence?

In essence, they exemplified the effective use of political violence. By the early 1850s “the days of nonresistance were over;” and abolitionist tactics evolved from “prayers and petitions to politics and pistols” (p. 77, 105).

What caused the debate over slavery to increase quizlet?

In the 1850s debates over slavery increased due to the different viewpoints of the North and South. In the election of 1860, the democrat party split up. The republicans nominated Lincoln. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo gave the U.S. possession of California and New Mexico known as the Mexican Cession.

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What is the main message of Douglass’s speech?

Throughout this speech, as well as his life, Douglass advocated equal justice and rights, as well as citizenship, for blacks. He begins his speech by modestly apologizing for being nervous in front of the crowd and recognizes that he has come a long way since his escape from slavery.

What was the pro-slavery argument quizlet?

The pro-slavery argument was that slavery was actually a moral practice in that slaves were treated better than factory workers in the North. Slaves had shelter, and food, while in the north, people starved to death and struggled to support their families.

What name was given to the fight between proslavery and antislavery forces?

Bleeding Kansas, (1854–59), small civil war in the United States, fought between proslavery and antislavery advocates for control of the new territory of Kansas under the doctrine of popular sovereignty.

Why did northerners support slavery?

The North wanted to block the spread of slavery. They were also concerned that an extra slave state would give the South a political advantage. The South thought new states should be free to allow slavery if they wanted.

How did Northerners and Southerners view slavery quizlet?

Most northerners believed that slavery was morally wrong. -They limited the rights of free and enslaved African Americans which prevented migration to the north. In the South most people believed that God intended that black people should provide labor for a white “civilized” society.

Why was slavery viewed as a positive good?

They defended the legal enslavement of people for their labor as a benevolent, paternalistic institution with social and economic benefits, an important bulwark of civilization, and a divine institution similar or superior to the free labor in the North.

How do you think the authors understanding of the relationship of slavery and the Bible differs from that of the slaves?

How do you think the author’s understanding of the relationship of slavery and the Bible differs from that of the slaves, most of whom also considered themselves Christians? Everybody knows that slaves were not happy about their conditions and they disagree with southerners ideas about to remain as slaves.

Why did Nat Turner want to end slavery?

He sought not only his own freedom, but to dismantle the entire system of slavery and liberate African Americans from white tyranny. In his twenties, Turner was a spiritual leader among his fellow slaves, and many people, including his mother and grandmother, believed that he had been chosen by God to do great things.

Why might some northerners in free states still support the institution of slavery?

Why might some northerners in free states still support the institution of slavery? Some Northerners might support slavery because they buy the crops from the south and know that the south needs slaves in order for the Northerners to buy crops.

How did the Compromise of 1850 try to resolve the issue of slavery?

As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished. Furthermore, California entered the Union as a free state and a territorial government was created in Utah.

How did people react to Nat Turner’s rebellion?

The Aftermath of Nat Turner’s Rebellion

White Southerners responded brutally to the rebellion. They executed 55 enslaved people for participating in or supporting the revolt, including Turner, and other angry white people killed over 200 African-Americans in the days after the rebellion.

How did Nat Turner’s rebellion change the direction of laws relating to slavery?

Nat Turner’s Rebellion changed the direction of laws relating to slavery because it started off by shaking the Virginia assembly. They debated a law providing for gradual emancipation and colonization abroad. Once the vote for the bill failed, the hope that Southern planters would end slavery voluntarily ended.

How did slavery contribute to the coming of the Civil War?

The South had been using slaves to aid the war effort. Black men and women had been forced to build fortifications, work as blacksmiths, nurses, and laundresses, and to work in factories and armories.

When did the Civil War become about slavery?

Contents. The Civil War in the United States began in 1861, after decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states over slavery, states’ rights and westward expansion.

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Why was slavery the main cause of the Civil War?

A common explanation is that the Civil War was fought over the moral issue of slavery. In fact, it was the economics of slavery and political control of that system that was central to the conflict.

What are southern apologists?

Southern apologists argued that the institution of slavery was a “positive good” because it subsidized an elegant lifestyle for a white elite and provided tutelage for genetically inferior Africans. Sig= was a weak justification for slavery and racism in the south.

In what way was the South a paternalistic society during the days of slavery?

In what way was the South a paternalistic society during the days of slavery? Slave owners believed they helped enslaved people by providing food, shelter, and clothing while relieving them of responsibility. During the Industrial Revolution in the American South, about a quarter of Southerners had enslaved workers.

What methods did abolitionists use to fight against slavery?

These groups sent petitions with thousands of signatures to Congress, held abolition meetings and conferences, boycotted products made with slave labor, printed mountains of literature, and gave innumerable speeches for their cause.

In what ways did Southerners further restrict slaves rights?

The Southerners further restrict slaves’ rights by not allowing slaves to preach, testifying in court, own property, or learn to read. Crusaded against slavery before organizing a movement for women’s rights.

Which best defines the Southern code during the slavery era?

Answer. Answer: Hey mate your answer is: white Southerners believed women should not do certain chores and gentlemen should not do manual labor.

Why did many white Southerners hope to become slaveholders in the early 1800s?

Why did many white Southerners hope to become slaveholders in the early 1800s? They saw slavery as a sign of privilege. Which best defines the Southern code during the slavery era? White Southerners believed women should not do certain chores and gentlemen should not do manual labor.

Why did Southerners who didn’t own slaves support slavery quizlet?

Slavery was supported by people who did not own slaves because the majority of the South’s economy was dependent on crops harvested by slaves on plantations.

How could the colonists justify slavery quizlet?

How could the colonists justify slavery? That slaves were property and based on the natural right of the protection of property, they are only exercising their rights and not others rights.

Who freed the slaves?

President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious states “are, and henceforward shall be free.”

How did abolitionists gain support?

The abolitionist movement began as a more organized, radical and immediate effort to end slavery than earlier campaigns. It officially emerged around 1830. Historians believe ideas set forth during the religious movement known as the Second Great Awakening inspired abolitionists to rise up against slavery.

How did abolitionists use the political system to fight slavery?

They formed antislavery societies that drafted petitions calling for an end to slavery and sent them to Congress. They gave speeches and held conferences to promote their cause. Fighting in the name of justice, the abolitionists had a powerful sway.

What was the impact of the abolition of slavery?

Former slaves would now be classified as “labor,” and hence the labor stock would rise dramatically, even on a per capita basis. Either way, abolishing slavery made America a much more productive, and hence richer country.

How effective were the abolitionists in achieving their goals?

How effective were the abolitionists in achieving their goals? Did they hasten or delay the end of slavery? very effective. Early abolitionists created the American colonization society.

How was slavery debated and solved at the Constitutional Convention?

Ultimately, the delegates who strongly opposed slavery realized that pressing against it would make it impossible for the states to come together. They worked out a compromise with the Southern states. They agreed that Congress could not tax exports and that no law could be passed to ban the slave trade until 1808.

How did the Constitution support slavery?

The Constitution thus protected slavery by increasing political representation for slave owners and slave states; by limiting, stringently though temporarily, congressional power to regulate the international slave trade; and by protecting the rights of slave owners to recapture their escaped slaves.