How did reformers of the period approach the problems of an industrial society?

How did reformers of the period approach the problems of an increasingly industrial society? They formed large unions, such as the Knights of Labor, to combat their issues.

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What factors combined to make the United States a mature industrial society after the Civil War How was the West transformed economically and socially in this period?

Immigrants provided a huge labor force. How was the West transformed economically and socially in this period? Farming and improved farming, More Land, Small farmers oriented to national and international markets, and giant agricultural enterprises.

How did the US become a mature industrial society in the decades after the Civil War?

The United States was transformed from an agricultural to industrial society in the years following the Civil War. Factors contributing to this remarkable change included the following: Availability of massive supplies of raw materials, such as timber, iron ore, oil and other resources.

What was the effect of the new industrial revolution on American laborers and how did various labor organizations attempt to respond to the new conditions?

The need for unskilled laborers was reduced by the invention of machines to replace the workers. The labor organizations tried to stop the competition of the machines versus people. Or at least slow it down so many people did not lose their jobs because they were replaced by a machine.

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How were workers treated during the Gilded Age?

Compared to today, workers were extremely vulnerable during the Gilded Age. As workers moved away from farm work to factories, mines and other hard labor, they faced harsh working conditions such as long hours, low pay and health risks. Children and women worked in factories and generally received lower pay than men.

How did industrial workers respond to industrialization in the Gilded Age?

Farmers and industrial workers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age from 1865-1900 by forming organizations that allowed for their voices to be recognized and by influencing political parties to help get national legislation passed.

How was America transformed into an industrial society?

Railroads expanded significantly, bringing even remote parts of the country into a national market economy. Industrial growth transformed American society. It produced a new class of wealthy industrialists and a prosperous middle class. It also produced a vastly expanded blue collar working class.

How did workers respond to the Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution led to rapid changes in people’s living and working conditions. In response to poor working conditions, labor movements organized alliances known as unions and pushed for reforms. Reform movements took place around the world but started in Britain and the United States.

How did railroad expansion affect the growth of major urban centers?

How did railroad expansion affect the growth of major urban centers? –New networks were built in the rural West. -Traveling to and from cities became easier. -Traveling between the North and the South became easier.

What did the method of manufacturing known as the American system rely upon?

What did the “American system of manufacture” rely on? mass production of interchangeable parts that could be rapidly assembled into standardized finished products.

Why was the United States successful at industrialization?

Why was the United States successful at industrialization? The US was successful at industrialization because they had many raw materials, motivated workers to push for industrialization, and businessmen to invest in companies.

How did the federal government actively promote industrial and agriculture in the period?

It enacted high tariffs that protected American industry from foreign competition, granted land to railroad companies to encourage construction, and used the army to remove Indians form western land desired by farmers and mining companies.

How did reform movements try to remedy problems brought on by the Industrial Revolution?

Reform efforts during this time gave birth to a number of important changes in the United States and Great Britain. These included mandatory public education, child labor laws, and eight-hour workdays. Reforms also addressed minimum wage, compensation for workplace accidents, and improved sanitation infrastructure.

How do the ideas of Henry George Edward Bellamy and other authors conflict with social Darwinism?

How do the ideas of Henry George, Edward Bellamy, and other authors conflict with social darwinism? –disagreed with social darwinism because they did not believe that it was okay for the poor to suffer and for small businesses to fail. The believed that reform needed to be made in society to promote equality.

What was the effect of the new Industrial Revolution on American laborers and how effective were these efforts?

The Industrial Revolution had a profoundly negative effect on workers during the early Twentieth Century. In the past, workers that crafted consumer goods were highly valued and respected. With the introduction of machinery for the mass production of goods, the American worker became expendable.

How did life for American workers change during the Industrial Revolution?

Factory Jobs Often Meant Family Separations

In factories, coal mines and other workplaces, people worked long hours in miserable conditions. As countries industrialized, factories became larger and produced more goods. Earlier forms of work and ways of life began to disappear.

How did workers respond to harsh conditions of industrial life?

How did workers respond to harsh conditions of industrial life? They formed unions and mutual-aid societies.

How did machines change workers lives?

Machines changed workers lives by making their jobs much easier especially in factories. However, it led to the need for less workers as machines replaced people.

What were 3 major problems of the Gilded Age?

This period during the late nineteenth century is often called the Gilded Age, implying that under the glittery, or gilded, surface of prosperity lurked troubling issues, including poverty, unemployment, and corruption.

How did the Industrial Revolution affect the social order?

The Industrial Revolution brought rapid urbanization or the movement of people to cities. Changes in farming, soaring population growth, and an ever-increasing demand for workers led masses of people to migrate from farms to cities. Almost overnight, small towns around coal or iron mines mushroomed into cities.

What were the major problems faced by industrial workers in the late 19th century?

Poor workers were often housed in cramped, grossly inadequate quarters. Working conditions were difficult and exposed employees to many risks and dangers, including cramped work areas with poor ventilation, trauma from machinery, toxic exposures to heavy metals, dust, and solvents.

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How did workers hope that labor unions would help to improve their lives?

For those in the industrial sector, organized labor unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours and safer working conditions. The labor movement led efforts to stop child labor, give health benefits and provide aid to workers who were injured or retired.

How did the development of an urban industrial society exacerbate?

how did the development of an urban, industrial society exacerbate inequalities in the U.S society and promote class violence? after 1870, the depression struck. This meant that the goods the farmers produced would be at a lower price, and since there was no farmers insurance, families could easily lose their farms.

What are the effects of Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution brought about sweeping changes in economic and social organization. These changes included a wider distribution of wealth and increased international trade. Managerial hierarchies also developed to oversee the division of labor.

How the Industrial Revolution changed the world?

The Industrial Revolution transformed economies that had been based on agriculture and handicrafts into economies based on large-scale industry, mechanized manufacturing, and the factory system. New machines, new power sources, and new ways of organizing work made existing industries more productive and efficient.

How did railroad expansion affect the growth of major urban centers quizlet?

How did railroad expansion affect the growth of major urban centers? Traveling to and from cities became easier. What is one reason why the expansion of the railroads caused prices of products to drop during the Gilded Age? Railroads provided cheap and fast transportation for both raw materials and products.

How did the transcontinental railroad affect communication?

The railroad made the transportation of goods much more flexible, as well as faster and cheaper.It reduced coast-to-coast communication from a week to a day. … It reduced coast-to-coast communication from months to weeks. It made coast-to-coast communication more complicated and costly.

In what ways did the American system of manufacturing differ from England’s?

The American system of manufacturing was a set of manufacturing methods that evolved in the 19th century. The two notable features were the extensive use of interchangeable parts and mechanization for production, which resulted in more efficient use of labor compared to hand methods.

Which is an example of how farming changed in America between 1800 and 1840 quizlet?

Which is an example of how farming changed in America between 1800 and 1840? Farmers in the West were able to ship crops and livestock to eastern markets. Which of the following was responsible for the first large-scale American factory, which was built in Massachusetts?

How did inventions contribute to the Industrial Revolution?

New inventions and technologies played an important role in the Industrial Revolution. They changed the way things were powered, how goods were manufactured, how people communicated, and the way goods were transported.

How did the growth of the railroads affect supply?

How did the growth of the railroads affect supply and demand for natural resources in the United States? -The growth of the railroads decreased the supply of natural resources.

What was meant by the American system of manufacturing Give some examples of American industries by the 1850s that used this system?

The American system of manufactures first appeared specifically in the clocks, locks, guns, and textile industries. They were also in grain mills and hog slaughtering, which were the first disassembly lines. They were manifested through assembly lines, the specialization of tasks, and the use of unskilled labor.

How was America transformed into an industrial society?

Railroads expanded significantly, bringing even remote parts of the country into a national market economy. Industrial growth transformed American society. It produced a new class of wealthy industrialists and a prosperous middle class. It also produced a vastly expanded blue collar working class.

How did the Industrial Revolution affect American culture and society?

The advent of industrial production removed the necessity of apprenticeship for craftsmen and commoditized labor itself. The Industrial Revolution also created a wide availability of cheap commodities, which engendered a consumer culture that marked the end of many rural Americans’ subsistence lifestyle.

What does he see as the major threats to American freedom quizlet?

Political corruption and economic inequality were identified as main threats to American liberties.

Why is the period between 1870 and 1890 known as the Gilded Age quizlet?

The era from 1870 to 1890 was called the Gilded Age because it suggested that outward appearances were misleading, and one needed to look under the surface to understand what was happening.

Why did organized efforts of farmers workers and reformers largely fail to achieve substantive change in the Gilded Age?

Why did organized efforts of farmers, workers, and local reformers largely fail to achieve substantive change in the Gilded Age? Reform movements failed during the Gilded Age because of the industrial, territorial, economic, and political concentration of power to a few elite individuals.

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How did the federal government actively promote the commercial development of the West?

The Federal government enacted high tariffs that protected American industry from foreign competition, granted land to railroad companies to encourage construction, and used the army to remove Indians from Western lands which was then regulated and distributed to farmers and mining companies (ex. Homestead Act).

How did workers respond to the rapid changes of industrialization during the Gilded Age?

Farmers and industrial workers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age from 1865-1900 by forming organizations that allowed for their voices to be recognized and by influencing political parties to help get national legislation passed.

What were the goals of this reform movement?

The reform movements that arose during the antebellum period in America focused on specific issues: temperance, abolishing imprisonment for debt, pacifism, antislavery, abolishing capital punishment, amelioration of prison conditions (with prison’s purpose reconceived as rehabilitation rather than punishment), the …

What was the effect of the new Industrial Revolution on American laborers and how did various organizations attempt to respond to the new conditions?

The need for unskilled laborers was reduced by the invention of machines to replace the workers. The labor organizations tried to stop the competition of the machines versus people. Or at least slow it down so many people did not lose their jobs because they were replaced by a machine.

How did railroad expansion affect the growth of major urban centers?

How did railroad expansion affect the growth of major urban centers? –New networks were built in the rural West. -Traveling to and from cities became easier. -Traveling between the North and the South became easier.

How did workers respond to the rise of industrialization?

The Industrial Revolution led to rapid changes in people’s living and working conditions. In response to poor working conditions, labor movements organized alliances known as unions and pushed for reforms.

How did industrialization change the American workplace What challenges did it create for American workers?

Industrialization, along with new inventions in transportation including the railroad, generated economic growth. There was now a large working class, and this would eventually lead to conflict between workers and factory owners. Working men and women led strikes to demand better working conditions.

How did intellectuals respond to the Industrial Revolution?

To a large extent, English Romantic intellectuals and artists felt that the modern industrial world was harsh and deadening to the senses and spirit. These intellectuals called for a return, both in life and in spirit, of the emotional and natural, as well as the ideals of the pre-industrial past.

How did workers respond to worsening conditions in factories during the early 19th century How successful were these responses in improving conditions?

How did workers respond to worsening conditions in factories during the early 19th century? They conducted strikes.

How did Industrial Revolution change society?

The Industrial Revolution brought rapid urbanization or the movement of people to cities. Changes in farming, soaring population growth, and an ever-increasing demand for workers led masses of people to migrate from farms to cities. Almost overnight, small towns around coal or iron mines mushroomed into cities.

Did the Industrial Revolution have a positive or negative impact on society?

Despite all these ills, the Industrial Revolution had positive effects, such as creating economic growth and making goods more available. It also helped lead to the rise of a prosperous middle class that grabbed some of the economic power once held by aristocrats, and led to the rise of specialized jobs in industry.

What were the social problems of the industrial age?

Industrialization impacted society in other ways. Workers were forced leave their families and migrate to urban areas in search of jobs. They worked long hours, were poorly nourished and lived in overcrowded conditions, which led to disease and stress.

What was the impact of industrial society on the social life of the people?

1) Industrialization brought men, Woman and children to factories. 2)Work hours were often long and wages were poor. 3)Unemployment was common particularly during times of low demand for industrial goods. 4)Housing and sanitation were problems since towns were growing rapidly.

What are the problems faced by industrial workers?

poor working conditions. 10-12 hour days, low pay, unsafe factories, no sick days, boring repetitive jobs, young children working. low wages. employers hired the cheapest possible laborers women and children especially low paid. …

What were the problems faced by workers in industries?

The workers were burdened with problems like low wages, long working hours, unhygienic working and living conditions. Was this answer helpful?

What were the main social problems in the Gilded Age?

This period during the late nineteenth century is often called the Gilded Age, implying that under the glittery, or gilded, surface of prosperity lurked troubling issues, including poverty, unemployment, and corruption.

What was one major effect of the industrialization on American society?

What was one major effect of industrialization on American society? More people moved to urban areas.