How did the development of iron technology affect life in West Africa?

The fabrication of iron tools and weapons allowed for the kind of extensive systematized agriculture, efficient hunting, and successful warfare necessary to sustain large urban centers.

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How did the use of iron change farming in early West Africa?

This reflected on the West Africans dependence on the world for survival. How did the use of iron change farming? Iron blades allowed people to cut down trees and clear land for farms, this caused the population to grow. Also, a new gardening tool was made from iron.

What was the impact of iron on West Africa?

Iron played a central role in many societies of early Africa. It held both spiritual and material power. Physically, Africans used iron to create tools for agriculture, utensils for everyday life, and weapons for protection and conquest (Shillington, 2012, p. 45).

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What are the effects of iron technology?

Iron implements were used as a medium of exchange thereby facilitating trade transactions. The use of iron tools/implements led to increased food production since more land was brought under cultivation. Widespread use of iron led to the decline of use of other metals. Destruction of forests.

Which society is known for its iron work in Africa?

The Nok were one of the earliest iron-working societies from western Africa, but they are also known for their pottery.

How did iron Technology Impact Africa?

The use of iron ushered in an Iron Age in Africa, with the expansion of agriculture, industry, trade, and political power. In some African cultures, smelters and ironworkers are of low status because of the manual labor inherent in their work.

How did cities develop in West Africa?

Stopover places, first created to facilitate the exportation of gold and other goods from coastal regions, progressively turned into real towns, such as Begho 4. Trade, through trans‐Saharan routes, was a major factor of urbanisation in medieval West Africa.

How did iron factor in the development of the West African kingdoms?

In addition to the gold trade, historians have pointed to a second important factor in the development of these West African Kingdoms. This was the use of iron. The use of iron to make tools and weapons helped some people to expand their control over neighboring people.

How did the use of iron tools affect Nok culture?

This helped the Nok because they were an agricultural people who needed things like plowed fields, wood to construct and then heat their houses, and so forth. It also helped the Nok because making iron and making their ceramic pottery have some similarities. Both require great heat to mold or harden the material.

How did iron tools impact the Kingdom of Ghana?

How did iron tools impact the Kingdom of Ghana? Used it to conquer neighboring tribes also used it for farming. What subjects could scholars study at the University of Sankore? Medicine, Chemistry, Math, Astronomy, Philosophy, Art.

How did iron affect society?

Iron Age: Daily Life

All essentials were made or grown locally. The production of iron tools helped make the farming process easier and more efficient. Farmers could plow tougher soil, making it possible to harvest new crops and freeing time for more leisure.

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What was a positive effect of iron tools?

Improved agriculture

Iron tools such as the axes allowed clearing of large tracts of land to allow large scale farming while hoes were used for tilling and weeding. They grew grass crops such as sorghum and bulrush millet. This increased food production and sustained the population.

What was iron used for in ancient times?

Iron tools and weapons weren’t as hard or durable as their bronze counterparts. The use of iron became more widespread after people learned how to make steel, a much harder metal, by heating iron with carbon. The Hittites—who lived during the Bronze Age in what is now Turkey—may have been the first to make steel.

How did iron smelting technologies impact the environment?

Iron smelting technology gradually spread from Anatolia and Mesopotamia across Eurasia. By around 1000 BCE, Indian farmers needed more rice paddies to feed the growing number of people in new cities. So they used iron tools to clear the forests around the subcontinent’s great rivers to make room for rice.

What most affected ancient West African trade?

What most affected ancient West African trade? lack of transportation. natural landforms. limited resources for trade. too many merchants.

How was iron discovered in Africa?

The earliest iron artifacts in the world were beads made by the Egyptians about 5,000 years ago. The earliest smelting in sub-Saharan Africa dates to the 8th century BCE in Ethiopia.

What changes did the development of iron tools bring?

The manufacture of iron tools helped to make agricultural work easier and more efficient. Peasants were able to cultivate harder soils, which made it possible to cultivate and grow new types of plants.

What was unusual about the West African Iron Age?

What was unusual about the west African iron age? it was a center of trade.

What are the impact of urbanization in Africa?

This rapid expansion has changed the continent’s demographic landscape. Yet, urbanization in Africa has failed to bring about inclusive growth which, in turn, has resulted in proliferation of slums, urban poverty and rising inequality.

What was important to the early history of West Africa?

Although the salt and gold trade continued to be important to the Mali Empire, agriculture and pastoralism was also critical. The growing of sorghum, millet, and rice was a vital function. On the northern borders of the Sahel, grazing cattle, sheep, goats, and camels were major activities.

Which product of West Africa was most important in the trade across the Sahara?

Gold, sought from the western and central Sudan, was the main commodity of the trans-Saharan trade. The traffic in gold was spurred by the demand for and supply of coinage. The rise of the Soninke empire of Ghana appears to be related to the beginnings of the trans-Saharan gold trade in the fifth century.

How did technology contribute to both the rise and the decline of Nok culture in West Africa?

SYNTHESIZE How did technology contribute to both the rise and the decline of Nok culture? Smelting enabled the Nok to produce iron tools, which in turn enabled them to clear more land for farming. At first this led to increased population.

What Nok developments brought change to West Africa?

What Nok developments brought change to West Africa? Iron smelting and clearing of land brought change to West Africa. They were the first in Africa to make tools from iron. How did the use of iron tools affect Nok culture?

What was a key development in Nok technology?

Famous for the distinctive terracotta sculptures of human heads and figures, Nok was the first known culture in West Africa to produce such art and perhaps the first sub-Saharan culture to perfect iron-smelting technology.

How did trade impact the development of West African kingdoms?

Ghana’s rulers gained incredible wealth from trade, taxes on traders and on the people of Ghana, and their own personal stores of gold. They used their wealth to build an army and an empire. Extensive trade routes brought the people of Ghana into contact with people of many different cultures and beliefs.

What impact did trade have on West Africa?

By providing firearms amongst the trade goods, Europeans increased warfare and political instability in West Africa. Some states, such as Asante and Dahomey, grew powerful and wealthy as a result. Other states were completely destroyed and their populations decimated as they were absorbed by rivals.

What factors helped the trade system flourish in West Africa?

What factors helped the trade system flourish in West Africa? Gold, positioning of the major cities provided a good location between trade routes and also allowed trade over seas.

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What was the impact of the widespread use of iron?

More widespread use of iron led to improved steel-making technology at a lower cost. Thus, even when tin became available again, iron was cheaper, stronger and lighter, and forged iron implements superseded cast bronze tools permanently.

How did iron help the industrial revolution?

Iron was needed to make the railway tracks, steam locomotives and the giant Watt steam engines that pumped the mines and provided energy to run factory machinery. At a later stage, iron was needed to construct the steamships.

What does iron do to population growth?

In humans, research confirms increased growth among humans provided greater amounts of iron. Mother’s anemia and/or low serum iron is associated with a small infant size [49,50,51,52]. Newborns of non-anemic mothers supplemented with iron can show greater birthweights (and elevated serum ferritin concentrations) [53].

How did the use of iron tools affect man’s life?

Iron farming tools, such as sickles and plough tips, made the process more efficient and allowed farmers to exploit tougher soils, try new crops and have more time for other activities.

Why was the development of iron working important to civilizations?

Why was the development of iron working so important to civilization? It usually coincided with the development of more superior culture and population growth. What empire was established by Cyrus II, aka Cyrus the Great, in 550 B.C.E.? You just studied 9 terms!

What 3 changes were brought about by the introduction of iron?

The iron tools introduced included spears, hoes, knives and axes which were used in farming, mining and hunting. The introduction of iron drastically changed the civilisation of the primitive people.

How did the use of iron in transport and warfare help in the progress of civilization after the Bronze Age?

Iron weapons were burned and beaten into form rather than cast, making them harder, less fragile, and sustainable that bronze weaponry. During the Iron Age carts obtained rising interest as a mode of transportation, like roads and particularly passages which were created in higher numbers.

What’s the importance of iron?

Iron is a mineral that the body needs for growth and development. Your body uses iron to make hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to all parts of the body, and myoglobin, a protein that provides oxygen to muscles. Your body also needs iron to make some hormones.

In what ways was iron an essential natural resource for the success of Ghana?

With the discovery of iron, the people of Ghana were able to make strong farming tools and weapons such as spearheads and blades. Other armies in the region had tools and weapons made of wood and bone, which proved less effective in battle.

How did animism reflect what was important to early West African peoples?

How did animism reflect what was important to the early West African people? Animism is the belief that bodies of water, plants, animals, and other natural objects have spirits. This reflected on the West Africans dependence on the world for survival. How did the use of iron change farming?

What are 3 major West African empires increased their wealth by?

Using trade to gain wealth, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were West Africa’s most powerful kingdoms. 1. West Africa developed three great kingdoms that grew wealthy through their control of trade.

What changes did the development of iron tools in West Africa bring?

what changes did the ability to make tools out of iron bring? farmers could clear land and grow crops more efficiently , then the greater abundance of food supported larger villages, where more people were free to work at other trades.

How did iron factor in the development of the West African kingdoms?

In addition to the gold trade, historians have pointed to a second important factor in the development of these West African Kingdoms. This was the use of iron. The use of iron to make tools and weapons helped some people to expand their control over neighboring people.

Which society is known for its iron work in Africa?

The Nok were one of the earliest iron-working societies from western Africa, but they are also known for their pottery.

How does iron impact society?

In modern society iron is the most important of all metals, as it is used to craft different types of steel which is used in a diverse array of applications. Steel is used to make paperclips, skyscrapers, and everything in between. Iron is also an important element in plant and animal life.

What is the significance of Iron Age technology to African history?

Iron smelting and forging technologies may have existed in West Africa among the Nok culture of Nigeria as early as the sixth century B.C. In the period from 1400 to 1600, iron technology appears to have been one of a series of fundamental social assets that facilitated the growth of significant centralized kingdoms in

What impact did the Iron Age have on society?

Iron Age: Daily Life

All essentials were made or grown locally. The production of iron tools helped make the farming process easier and more efficient. Farmers could plow tougher soil, making it possible to harvest new crops and freeing time for more leisure.

How did the use of iron tools affect Nok culture?

This helped the Nok because they were an agricultural people who needed things like plowed fields, wood to construct and then heat their houses, and so forth. It also helped the Nok because making iron and making their ceramic pottery have some similarities. Both require great heat to mold or harden the material.

How did iron tools impact the Kingdom of Ghana?

How did iron tools impact the Kingdom of Ghana? Used it to conquer neighboring tribes also used it for farming. What subjects could scholars study at the University of Sankore? Medicine, Chemistry, Math, Astronomy, Philosophy, Art.

Why did diverse cultures develop in Africa?

Why did diverse cultures develop in Africa? Push-pull factors caused people to migrate which meant trade and living in new places with their culture. What evidence shows that Djenne-Djeno was a major trading city in West Africa? It was located on a tributary of the Niger river where thousands of artifacts were found.

What changes did the development of iron tools bring?

The manufacture of iron tools helped to make agricultural work easier and more efficient. Peasants were able to cultivate harder soils, which made it possible to cultivate and grow new types of plants.

What inventions came from West Africa?

The fishing hook, bow and arrow, and even boats were first invented by Africans long before the advent of written history. Even as humans started migrating out of Africa, those remaining on the continent just kept on inventing.

What impact did trade and technology have on North and West Africa?

North Africa has long been a crucial trade hub for the rest of the continent as well as Europe and Asia. Trade goods like gold, salt, ivory, slaves, and pepper helped to forge major connections across the Sahara.

How did trade develop between West Africa and North Africa?

The trade began due to a surplus of each product per area. Gold was plentiful in West Africa so traders sent the item to North Africa so they too could have the valuable mineral. In return, North Africans gave salt to West Africa. Why is salt so important?

Why is urbanization in West Africa bad?

For example, there could be more capital but heightened inequality, less absolute poverty but poor housing manifested in the proliferation of slums, more traffic congestion and the absence of public transport, poorer environment conditions and a run-down infrastructure.

What factors are contributing to Africa’s economic growth?

Our results suggest that domestic investment, net ODA inflows, education, government effectiveness, urban population, and metal prices positively and significantly affect Africa’s economic growth.