HomeAdvicesHow to Make and Maintain Fertile Soil

How to Make and Maintain Fertile Soil

How to Make and Maintain Fertile Soil

how to make soil fertile

Gardening is a delicate task.

One crucial element of gardening that is often overlooked is soil quality. Quality soil can ensure that your plants thrive and that your garden keeps itself for years.

The tips below will help improve soil quality, ensure its fertility and are less susceptible to disease and pests:

1. Make sure your nutrient balance is right

To see if you have fertile soil, do a test to determine if the nutrient levels are correct. The test will show if your soil is balanced and contains the right amount of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorous. You can hire an “herb doctor” to test your soil or you can do it yourself, using a soil testing kit from a home improvement or gardening store. Most plants thrive only when the soil has the right balance of acidity and alkalinity. If the soil is very acidic or below 5.5 on the soil pH scale, you will need to add crushed limestone. If it is highly alkaline, more than 7.5 on the pH scale, then soil sulfur should be added. Using a drop-in spreader can help ensure any soil supplement is evenly distributed.

If you don't test your soil on a regular basis, an easy way to check its quality is through a visual inspection. The soil should consist of crumbs of different sizes that will hold their shape under little pressure. If this crumb is difficult to break, this is an indication that the soil is too hard.

2. How and Why to Compost

Composting is a great way to bring the environment back into your garden. Instead of throwing grass clippings, ground coffee, or vegetable peelings in the trash, collect all of your plants' natural food waste. You can purchase a composting system or make compost at home using household items.

When you use compost in your garden, it provides your plants with the microorganisms they need to be healthy. To make sure the compost will be effective, spread a three-inch layer evenly over the surface of the soil. It will act as a kind of protective insulation. Besides stimulating growth in your garden, fertilizing can also help keep harmful insects away.

3. Avoid Harsh Chemicals

You want to keep bugs out of your vegetable garden, but some pesticides can damage the soil. Instead of spraying pesticides and chemicals, use compost, mulch and biostimulants. Biostimulants include compounds and microorganisms. While you can't avoid keeping invaders out all together, this combination will make your garden less vulnerable to insects.

4. Incorporate rock phosphate

Crops grown in gardens with sufficient phosphorous will be larger and healthier.

Rock phosphate contains nickel, iodine, zinc, boron, and other properties that help your plants grow. All you need is a bag of rock phosphate from your local gardening store to sprinkle on your garden. If you do this once every two years, you will notice a huge difference in the quality of your plants, fruits, and vegetables.

Now that you know how to improve soil quality for your garden, consider protecting your property. There are different types of home insurance policies that cover structures not connected to your home.

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