How did the draft work in 1969?

The first number drawn was 258 (September 14), so all registrants with that birthday were assigned lottery number 1. The second number drawn corresponded to April 24, and so forth. All men of draft age (born January 1, 1944 to December 31, 1950) who shared a birth date would be called to serve at once.

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Contents

What were draft numbers in 1969?

N69 gives the results of the lottery held on December 1, 1969, for men born from 1944 through 1950. The highest lottery number called for this group was 195; all men assigned that lottery number or any lower number, and who were classified as available for military service, were called to report for possible induction.

How did the draft work in the 60s?

In the 1960’s, once a man reached eighteen years old he would receive a letter from the Selective Service System stating that he was eligible for the draft. This left young men in the United States to make very important decisions that most did not want to make.

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How was the draft done for Vietnam?

Two-thirds of the U.S. military who served in the Vietnam War and more than half of the names on The Wall volunteered for duty. The other one-third were drafted, primarily into the Army. Beginning in 1969, draftees were picked via a televised lottery based on date of birth.

What was the highest lottery number drafted in 1969?

What was the highest number called in the 1969 draft lottery? The highest lottery number drafted that year was 195.

How did the 1969 draft lottery work?

On Dec. 1, 1969, the United States held its first draft lottery, which gave young men a random number corresponding to their birthdays. Men with lower numbers were called first and told to report to induction centers where they could be ordered into active duty and possibly sent to the Vietnam War.

What year did the draft end for Vietnam?

The last draft call was on December 7, 1972, and the authority to induct expired on June 30, 1973. The date of the last drawing for the lottery was on March 12, 1975.

Was there a draft lottery in 1969?

On December 1, 1969, the Selective Service System of the United States conducted two lotteries to determine the order of call to military service in the Vietnam War in the year 1970, for men born from January 1, 1944 to December 31, 1950.

How long did a draftee have to serve in Vietnam?

The draft was far from ideal as a source of military manpower. Because draftees served only for two years, it was not worthwhile putting them through long training programs. The technical specialties had to be filled with volunteers.

What would happen if the draft was reinstated?

If Congress and the President were to reinstate a military draft, the Selective Service System would conduct a National Draft Lottery to determine the order in which young men would be drafted. The lottery would establish the priority of call based on the birth dates of registrants.

Who was exempt from the Vietnam draft?

Technically, men who had held college or other deferments were eligible for induction until age 35. Since few men between the ages of 26 and 35 were ever drafted, how- ever, men who were able to maintain a college deferment until their 26th birthday could avoid service.

Why did the Vietnam War start?

At the heart of the conflict was the desire of North Vietnam, which had defeated the French colonial administration of Vietnam in 1954, to unify the entire country under a single communist regime modeled after those of the Soviet Union and China.

What ages were drafted in Vietnam?

All men 18 years and older had to register with the Selective Service. All men between the ages of 18 to 25 were eligible to be drafted for a service requirement of 21 months.

What number did the Vietnam draft get to?

Draft-age men were assigned a number between one and 366, depending on their birthday. The lowest numbers were called first. This was all entirely at random. Of course, that didn’t stop some of those who were called to service from further avoiding Selective Service.

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How many Marines were drafted in Vietnam?

For Marines it had been a long and especially costly war. About 450,000 Leathernecks, mostly volunteers, served in Vietnam (42,600 were draftees). Some 13,000 were killed and 88,000 wounded (51,392 badly enough to be hospitalized).

What were the chances of being drafted in Vietnam?

Myth: Common belief is that most Vietnam veterans were drafted. Fact: 2/3 of the men who served in Vietnam were volunteers. 2/3 of the men who served in World War II were drafted. Approximately 70% of those killed in Vietnam were volunteers.

Can girls get drafted?

While women officers and enlisted personnel serve with distinction in the U.S. Armed Forces, women have never been subject to Selective Service registration or a military draft in America. Those women who served in the past and those who serve today in ever increasing numbers all volunteered for military service.

Was the draft in ww2?

The World War II draft operated from 1940 until 1946 when further inductions were suspended, and its legislative authorization expired without further extension by Congress in 1947. During this time, more than 10 million men had been inducted into military service.

How many tours would you serve in Vietnam?

During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Army used a personnel rotation policy that at first blush defies military logic. The Army rotated soldiers through Vietnam on one-year tours. Officers also spent a year in country, but only six of those months were in a troop command.

What president started the Vietnam draft?

Legal authority for a peacetime draft came from the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, signed by President Franklin Roosevelt in order to mobilize American civilian-soldiers in anticipation of entry into World War II.

How much did soldiers get paid in Vietnam?

Vietnam War

As the conflict progressed, new soldiers were given a salary of $78.00, while those who’d served over four months earned $83.20. In 1963, Combat Pay was renamed Hostile Fire Pay (HFP) and remained relatively the same.

What was the average tour of duty in Vietnam?

A tour of duty in Vietnam for most ground forces lasted one year.

What power did the Gulf of Tonkin give the President?

On August 7, 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.

Could the U.S. ever be invaded?

Geographic feasibility. Many experts have considered the US impossible to invade because of its major industries, reliable and fast supply lines, large geographical size, geographic location, population size, and difficult regional features.

Can the only son be drafted?

the “only son”, “the last son to carry the family name,” and ” sole surviving son” must register with Selective Service. These sons can be drafted. However, they may be entitled to peacetime deferment if there is a military death in the immediate family. See more information on “Who Needs to Register.”

What was the oldest age drafted in WWII?

Known as the “Old Man’s Draft” because it targeted men 45-64 years of age, the registration officially took place on April 27, 1942, at local draft boards around the country. It was intended to provide the government with a register of manpower, men who might be eligible for national service.

How would you avoid the Vietnam draft?

  1. Be a Conscientious Objector. …
  2. Make up a health condition. …
  3. Have children who need you. …
  4. Be a homosexual. …
  5. Run away to Canada. …
  6. Go to college. …
  7. Have a high lottery number. …
  8. Hold an “essential” civilian job.

What was the first birthday called in the draft?

366 blue plastic capsules contained the birthdays that would be chosen in the first Vietnam draft lottery drawing on December 1, 1969. The first birth date drawn that night, assigned the lowest number, “001,” was September 14.

Is the draft still a thing?

While the draft ended after the Vietnam War when the U.S. moved to the current all-volunteer military, the Selective Service System remains in place if needed to maintain national security. The mandatory registration of all male civilians aged 18 to 25 ensures that the draft can quickly be resumed if needed.

Is Vietnam still divided?

Vietnam, a one-party Communist state, has one of south-east Asia’s fastest-growing economies and has set its sights on becoming a developed nation by 2020. It became a unified country once more in 1975 when the armed forces of the Communist north seized the south.

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How did people avoid draft during Vietnam?

For young men like Jim Vacarella, the draft stood as the prime symbol of the war in Vietnam. Millions of young men tried to evade the draft: some fled to Canada; many feigned physical or mental illness, others used family connections to gain safe positions in the National Guard.

What makes you ineligible for drafting?

1. The Vice-President of the United States, the Judges of the various Courts of the Untied States, the heads of the various executive departments of the Government, and the Governors of the several States. 2. The only son liable to military duty of a widow dependent upon his labor for support.

How did Vietnam War end?

Finally, in January 1973, representatives of the United States, North and South Vietnam, and the Vietcong signed a peace agreement in Paris, ending the direct U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War.

Why did the U.S. fail in Vietnam?

Failures for the USA

Failure of Search and Destroy (My Lai Massacre): Search and Destroy missions were often based on poor military intelligence. The brutal tactics used by US troops often drove more Vietnamese civilians to support the Vietcong.

Who was the most decorated soldier in Vietnam?

Jorge Otero Barreto
Years of service 1959–1970
Rank Sergeant First Class
Unit 101st Airborne 25th Infantry 82nd Airborne 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team
Battles/wars Vietnam War ( WIA )

How long was Marine boot camp during Vietnam?

During the Vietnam War, more than 200,000 recruits graduated from Parris Island with the peak load being 10,979 in March 1966. No new battalions were added, but training was cut from 11 weeks to 8 weeks and the size of the recruit platoons was increased.

What marine unit saw the most combat in Vietnam?

The 27th Marines, 5th Marine Division, was airlifted out on 48 hours’ notice, with 3,700 Marines. In September, it became the first major combat unit to come home from the Vietnam War.

How many Vietnam veterans are still alive 2021?

despite their oral claim of service there. As of this date The American War Library estimates that approximately 610,000 Americans who served on land in Vietnam or in the air over Vietnam between 1954 and 1975 are alive today. And approximately 164,000 Americans who served at sea in Vietnam waters are alive today.

Did any American soldiers stay in Vietnam after the war?

The last US ground troops left Vietnam in March 1973, after which the peace talks once again broke down. Fighting resumed and South Vietnam eventually surrendered to the forces of North Vietnam in April 1975. Approximately 2,700,000 American men and women served in Vietnam.

What was the life expectancy of a helicopter pilot in Vietnam?

Did you know the average life expectancy of a US Army Huey pilot in combat in Vietnam was only 19 minutes? Some interesting facts about UH-1 aircrew training during the Vietnam War.

Do 18 year old males still have to register for the draft?

Almost all men ages 18-25 who are U.S. citizens or are immigrants living in the U.S. are required to register with Selective Service. Citizens must register within 30 days of turning 18.

When was the last draft?

World War I Sept. 1917 – Nov. 1918 2,810,296
Vietnam War Aug. 1964 – Feb. 1973 1,857,304

Can you be drafted at age 35?

Present – The U.S. currently operates under an all-volunteer armed forces policy. All male citizens between the ages of 18 and 26 are required to register for the draft and are liable for training and service until the age of 35.

How did the Vietnam draft work before 1969?

Lottery changes

Also, prior to 1969, older men those closer to age 26 were more likely to be drafted. That left younger men in limbo, not knowing when or if they would be drafted. With the institution of the lottery, 19-year-olds were the first to be called. The last draft call took place in December 1972.

Who is exempt from Selective Service?

You are exempt from Selective Service registration if you can prove you were continuously institutionalized or confined from 30 days before you turned 18 through age 25. If you were released for any period longer than 30 days during this window, you were required to register with the Selective Service System.

Who was exempt from draft in ww2?

The National Service (Armed Forces) Act imposed conscription on all males aged between 18 and 41 who had to register for service. Those medically unfit were exempted, as were others in key industries and jobs such as baking, farming, medicine, and engineering.

Which president pulled US out of Vietnam?

In order to buy time with the American people, Nixon began to withdraw forces from Vietnam, meeting with South Vietnam’s President Nguyen Van Thieu on Midway Island on June 8 to announce the first increment of redeployment. From that point on, the U.S. troop withdrawal never ceased.

Why was the Vietnam draft Unfair?

The draft was viewed as unequal because the working class man’s only choice was to go to war, while the wealthy men would go to college or enlist in the National Guard. By the end of the 1960’s the nation was fed up with the war, and they were angry with how the war itself was being carried out.

Which president declared war on Vietnam?

War or conflict Opponent(s) President
Vietnam War Laotian Civil War Cambodian Civil War Mainland China National United Front of Kampuchea Khmer Rouge Khmer Rumdo Khmer Việt Minh North Korea North Vietnam Pathet Lao South Vietnam Việt Cộng Lyndon B. Johnson

How much did a private make in Vietnam?

Grade Title Base Monthly Pay
E1 Private Recruit $288
E2 Private (Pvt.) $320
E3 Private First Class (PFC) $333
E4 Specialist 4 (SP/4) $345

How much do front line soldiers get paid?

Basic pay increases as soldiers move upward through the ranks and gain more years of experience. The salary for a Private E1 starts with a salary of $19,960 and remains the same through six years of experience. A Private E2 starts slightly higher at $22,035, but it also remains the same through six year of experience.

Did Vietnam draftees get paid?

Vietnam War

New soldiers pocketing $78 would have a salary that equates to 642.71 now, while those with over four months of service who pocketed $83.20 were receiving the equivalent of $685.56 in today’s dollars.

What did the Navy do during Vietnam?

American naval operations in the Vietnam War had multiple goals during the period of 1965 to 1973, but most operations can be classified as aerial bombing and surveillance, surface interdiction of supplies along the coast and inland waterways, gunfire support, logistical support, military advising, and humanitarian

Was Audie Murphy awarded the Medal of Honor?

For this, Murphy was awarded the Medal of Honor, the United States’ highest award for gallantry in action. By the end of World War II, Murphy had become one of the nation’s most-decorated soldiers, earning an unparalleled 28 medals (including three from France and one from Belgium).

What is the life expectancy of a Vietnam veteran?

For US Vietnam Veterans it’s about 66 years vs just about 78 years for non vets.