How did population growth impact westward expansion?

“The most important forces are population growth and the decrease in transportation costs,” Vandenbroucke said. “Population growth is mostly responsible for the investment in productive land without it less than half of the land accumulated in 1900 would have been accumulated.”

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What influenced westward expansion?

Westward expansion, the 19th-century movement of settlers into the American West, began with the Louisiana Purchase and was fueled by the Gold Rush, the Oregon Trail and a belief in “manifest destiny.”

What was the biggest impact on the westward expansion?

U.S. President Thomas Jefferson’s Louisiana Purchase in 1803 had doubled the size of the country, sparking people’s desire to move west. Spreading settlements along the country’s borders caused friction with others. The intervention of the U.S. government often resulted in the annexation of more territory.

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What happened as a population grew in the western territories?

What happened as the population grew in western territories? New states such as Colorado, the Dakotas, and others were admitted. In the late 1800s, what did cowboys, miners, and railroad workers have in common? All faced danger and hardships.

How did the westward expansion change the United States?

However, westward expansion provided the United States with vast natural resources and ports along the Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf coasts for expanding trade, key elements in creating the superpower America is today.

How and why did the population growth out west?

Out West, however, growth was driven by a natural increase of 143,082 people, and a positive net international migration of 38,347 people. The growth in states like Idaho, Utah, Montana and Arizona offset a decrease in California. California saw its population fall by -0.7%, the first decline in state history.

What were the benefits of westward expansion?

The opportunity to work in the cattle industry; to be a “cowboy” Faster travel to the West by railroad; availability of supplies due to the railroad. The opportunity to own land cheaply under the Homestead Act. The discovery of wheat strains adapted to grow in the climate of the Plains.

How did the westward movement of the population affect the United States quizlet?

Native Americans lives were ruined by westward expansion. People would come in and they would be forced to move off their land. There were many acts that were created to work against them, such as the one that restricted their religious practices.

What were the positive effects of westward expansion?

As it doubled the land area of the U.S., it also increased goods, services and wealth. Some advocates said that not only did the movement increase the size of the country, expanding to other countries and not just states, but it also added to farm lands needed to produce products and poultry.

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Which industries had the greatest impact on westward expansion and why?

Land, mining, and improved transportation by rail brought settlers to the American West during the Gilded Age. New agricultural machinery allowed farmers to increase crop yields with less labor, but falling prices and rising expenses left them in debt.

Why did America want to expand westward?

When President Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana territory from the French government in 1803, it doubled the size of the existing United States. Jefferson believed that, for the republic to survive, westward expansion was necessary to create independent, virtuous citizens as owners of small farms.

How did westward expansion lead to environmental changes?

Large Scale wiping out of Species. The expansion and colonization in the Western part of North America also exterminated many native species such as the bison, deer, and moose which lead to other species of animals dying off.

What was one impact of westward expansion in the United States during the mid nineteenth century?

This expansion led to debates about the fate of slavery in the West, increasing tensions between the North and South that ultimately led to the collapse of American democracy and a brutal civil war.

What was the effect of westward expansion on Native American quizlet?

How did Western settlement affect Native American lives? Native Americans fought battled with settlers. Eventually they were forced to live on reservations. The nomadic lifestyle of many Plains Indian tribes was eliminated.

When and why did many people migrate west?

Westward expansion began in earnest in 1803. Thomas Jefferson negotiated a treaty with France in which the United States paid France $15 million for the Louisiana Territory – 828,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River – effectively doubling the size of the young nation.

Did westward expansion positively or negatively impact the formation of the American identity?

The effect of westward expansion on Native Americans was very negative. It was negative because the American cavalry and military killed a great amount of Natives. Their land was also taken up.

How did immigration help economic growth after the Civil War?

How did immigration contribute to economic growth after the Civil War? Immigration provided large numbers of low-cost workers for U.S. businesses.

How did industrialization affect westward expansion?

Now western settlers were spurred onward by the development of the transcontinental railroad, a major byproduct of the period of industrialization that had begun in earnest. The expansion and immigration of the late 1800s merged with this industrialization to provoke the growth of American urban society.

How did the growth of the Western population and innovations in farming and ranching impact Plains Indians?

How did the growth of the western population and innovations in farming and ranching impact the Plains Indians. How did the Plains Indians resist? Once the pioneers decided to expand out west, the Indians that lived in those areas were forced into reservations with very little resources, and poor treatment.

How did industrialization affect the West?

The Industrial Revolution increased the material wealth of the Western world. It also ended the dominance of agriculture and initiated significant social change. The everyday work environment also changed drastically, and the West became an urban civilization.

Was Western expansion good or bad?

The Westward expansion gave America a chance to expand its territory, while having a chance double the land area of the United States also increased goods, services and wealth but more importantly it gave Americans …show more content…

What were the economic effects of westward expansion?

Because slavery was the backbone of America it helped the expansion a lot. Moving westward helped expand the amount of agriculture that was being produced there for it was helping boost the economy because they were able to make more money because they had more land.

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What was an impact of settlement on the environment of the West?

Settlers created advanced irrigation systems to water their farmland. Cattle drives caused problems of overgrazing, making the land only suitable for farmland.

What were some of the negative effects of urban expansion?

Although some would argue that urban sprawl has its benefits, such as creating local economic growth, urban sprawl has many negative consequences for residents and the environment, such as higher water and air pollution, increased traffic fatalities and jams, loss of agricultural capacity, increased car dependency, …

How did westward movement affect the south?

The westward expansion carried slavery down into the Southwest, into Mississippi, Alabama, crossing the Mississippi River into Louisiana. Finally, by the 1840’s, it was pouring into Texas. So the expansion of slavery, which became the major political question of the 1850’s, was not just a political issue.

How did western expansion affect the sectional tensions between the North and South?

Expansion lead to economic promise and fueled the manifest destiny but it also lead to sectional tension over slavery. The north contained a lot of abolitionists while the south was commonly pro-slavery, this increased sectional tension because each side wanted to see their ideals extended into the west.

What group was affected by the westward movement?

Like Native Americans, Mexican Americans and Chinese immigrants suffered harsh consequences due to relentless westward expansion by whites in the nineteenth century.

How did railroad expansion affect the growth of major urban centers?

How did railroad expansion affect the growth of major urban centers? –New networks were built in the rural West. -Traveling to and from cities became easier. -Traveling between the North and the South became easier.

How did America’s economy industries and population grow after the Civil War?

In the decades following the Civil War, the United States emerged as an industrial giant. Old industries expanded and many new ones, including petroleum refining, steel manufacturing, and electrical power, emerged.

How did immigrants adjust to life in America?

Adjusting to a New Life

Once they entered the United States, immigrants began the hard work of adjusting to life in a new country. They needed to find homes and jobs. They had to learn a new language and get used to new customs. This was all part of building a new life.

Why did Americans move west?

One of the main reasons people moved west was for the land. There was lots of land, good soil for farming, and it could be bought at a cheap price. In addition, it was very crowded living on the East Coast. The population of the United States was growing at a very fast rate.

Why did the settlers move west?

Pioneers and settlers moved out west for different reasons. Some of them wanted to claim free land for ranching and farming from the government through the Homestead Act. Others came to California during the gold rush to strike it rich. Even others, such as the Mormons, moved west to avoid persecution.

What developments and technologies emerged during westward expansion and what impact did they have on the land and its people?

Inventions helped determine the very shape of the West. The telegraph instantly connected Americans across thousands of miles; railroads killed some towns and gave birth to others; the gun quickly established the settlers’ dominance over the country; and barbed wire created vast ranching empires.

Why did the Industrial Revolution result in the growth of cities across the United States?

“Cities grew because industrial factories required large workforces and workers and their families needed places to live near their jobs. Factories and cities attracted millions of immigrants looking for work and a better life in the United States.”

In what ways did westward expansion rely on immigration?

It attempted to educate the public about the destruction of the environment. In what ways did westward expansion rely on immigration? The West was so large that they needed fresh immigrants to farm and develop it.

How did the Industrial Revolution affect cities and population distribution?

The industrial Revolution led to the inventing and availability of new machines in the rural world and this mechanization caused the freeing labor foce. This population was driven to the cities by the rising industries that needed new hands.

What were the main causes of industrial growth in the Gilded Age?

Key Points. The Gilded Age saw rapid economic and industrial growth, driven by technical advances in transportation and manufacturing, and causing an expansion of personal wealth, philanthropy, and immigration. Politics during this time not only experienced corruption, but also increased participation.

What was one positive effect of Westward Expansion?

One of the positive effects of westward expansion was linking together people on both sides of the country.

What were the positive effects of westward expansion?

As it doubled the land area of the U.S., it also increased goods, services and wealth. Some advocates said that not only did the movement increase the size of the country, expanding to other countries and not just states, but it also added to farm lands needed to produce products and poultry.

What were the benefits of westward expansion?

The opportunity to work in the cattle industry; to be a “cowboy” Faster travel to the West by railroad; availability of supplies due to the railroad. The opportunity to own land cheaply under the Homestead Act. The discovery of wheat strains adapted to grow in the climate of the Plains.

How did plains resist westward expansion?

In 1868, the United States government reached an agreement with many of the Plains Indian tribes when they signed the Fort Laramie Treaty. The provisions stated that in exchange for receiving land set aside for them in the Black Hills of the Dakotas, the Plains nations agreed to not harass or threaten western settlers.

What was the outcome of the Dawes Act of 1887?

The objective of the Dawes Act was to assimilate Native Americans into mainstream US society by annihilating their cultural and social traditions. As a result of the Dawes Act, over ninety million acres of tribal land were stripped from Native Americans and sold to non-natives.

Which of the following groups called themselves the exodusters in 1879?

Exodusters was a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century, as part of the Exoduster Movement or Exodus of 1879. It was the first general migration of black people following the Civil War.